Division - Rangpur

 

Rangpur Division became Bangladesh's 7th division on January 25, 2010. Before that, it had been the northern eight districts of the Rajshahi Division. The Rangpur division consists of eight districts. There are 58 Upazillas or subdistricts under these eight districts. Rangpur is the northernmost division of Bangladesh and has a population of 15,665,000 at the 2011 Census.

The central City - Rangpur - has a historical importance and identity. Mansingh, commander of Emperor Akbar, conquered part of Rangpur in 1575. Rangpur came completely under the Mughal Empire in 1686. Mughalbasa and Mughalhat of Kurigram district still bear marks of the Mughal rule in the region. During the Mughal rule part of Rangpur was under the sarkar of Ghoraghat, and part under the sarkar of Pinjarah Rangapur Ghoraghat has been mentioned in the Riyaz-us-Salatin. During the early period of the company rule Fakir-Sannyasi Rebellion and peasant rebellion were held in Rangpur.


 

Nawabganj national Park And Ashurar Beel:

Location: 9.6 km from Birampur town within Dinajpur District.

Area: 518 hectares National Park and 300 hectares Beel.

Attraction: Natural Sal forest and wetland side-by-side, Diversity of birds, Large termite mounds, Ride on country boats, Sitakot Buddhist Monastery

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Sal, bamboo, bet and murat. Lesser whistling-Duck, Flycatchers, warblers, Waglails, Indian Pitta and many more.

Description: Sal forest, ethnic culture, Popular myth and archaeological remains near Nawabganj Sadar make Nawabganj national Park a heaven for travelers. The wetland of Ashurar Beel flowing beside the forest adds to the attraction. This park is locally known as as ‘Ponchaboti Bon’. Popular myth connects this forest with the famous poet Valmiki, the first Sanskrit poet and auther of Ramayana. The local muth is that this was the exile place of Sita and Lord Shiva’s Kailasbash.

 


 Birganj National Park:

Location: About 29 km from Dinajpur city.

Area: 168 ha.

Attraction: Natural Sal forest, Santal village, Nearby Kantanagar Temple

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Sal, bamboo, bet and murat. Lesser whistling-Duck, Flycatchers, warblers, Waglails, Indian Pitta and many more

Description: This is a small patch of deciduous sal forest close to birganj Upazila on the Dhaka-Thakurgan Highway. Once upon a time Birganj forest was part of one large Greater Dinajpur Sal forest (extending both in Bangladesh and India), but due to population pressure and deforestation the forest now protected in Birganj National Park has been left isolated.

 


 Ramsagar National Park:

Location: At Tejpur about 8km south of Dinajpur.

Area: 28 hectares.

Attraction: Huge flocks of Migratory Birds, Historical Monument

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: The migratory bird population, especially in winter, is the highlight of the biodiversity of the area. Trees surrounding the tank are mostly planted ornamental species.

Description: Ramsagor is a man-made reservoir. It is considered to be the biggest man-made reservoir in Bangladesh after Kaptai. It has become a popular tourist destination in the Dinajpur area. In winter huge numbers of migratory birds visit this tank. The tank was named after Raja Nath who excavated it on the eve of the Battle of Palashi. The National Park extends over 18 hectares of water space and includes 10 hectares of surrounding forest. Originally there was a ghat (or stairs) on the middle part of the western bank, but only parts in 2001, Ramsagor is now a popular tourist spot.

 


 Singra national Park:

Location: In Birganj Upozilla, 45 km north-west of dinajpur city and 16 km north-west of Birganj National Park.

Area: 305 ha.

Attraction: Natural Sal forest, Santal village, Norto River inside the park.

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Sal, bamboo, bet and murat. Lesser whistling-Duck, Flycatchers, warblers, Waglails, Indian Pitta and many more

Description: Singra National Park offers a beautiful landscape, ethnic culture and excellent trekking experience in Sal forest. The river flowing inside the forest hosts a range of resident and migratory small birds. Once upon a time Singra forest was part of one large Greater Dinajpur Sal forest (extending both in Bangladesh and India), but due to population pressure and deforestation the forest has been left isolated in Singra.

 


 Jamuna River:

Location: Stretches from the border in Kurigram district south for 200 km to the confluence with the Padma River south of Aricha.

Area: About 200000 hectares.

Attraction: Folks of migratory waterfowl in winter, peaceful riverine char environment, Ganges River Dolphin and many more.

Habitat, Flora & Fauna Habitat, Flora & Fauna: Different types of birds including Greater Spotted Eagle and Peregrine, Ganges River Dolphin and many more

Description: This is the Bangladeshi section of one of the world’s great rivers (Brahmaputra) with waterways, river boats, isolated villages and sandy Island chars. The Jamuna as we know it is quite a recent phenomenon – betwnne 1780 and 1830 most of the flow of Brahmaputra channel into the present Jamuna course. The river is still very mobile – channels and chars regularly move between years orming a braided channe about 10 km wide that is still widening. It is an International Important Bird Area for migratory birds and nesting species dependent on sandy chars.

 


 TETULIA

Location: North most part of Bangladesh

Attraction: Land port, Tea garden

Description: Tetulia is the extreme northern upazila of the country. For its location & tourist spot, it is one of the well known upazilas in Bangladesh. Recently Tetulia is considered the most important economic zone for Panchagarh district because of the Tea industry and Banglabandha land port.
Tetulia Tea is named for the region in northern Bangladesh, located in Tetulia. The company was established in 2000. Tetulia is the only tea garden in Bangladesh to be USDA certified organic garden.The garden sprang forth from virgin land nestled against the Himalayas to the north to the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers to the South. Into this perfect tea-growing land, Tetulia Tea has introduced strong, vibrant saplings, which were planted with care in the new millennium.With the producing organic tea, Tetulia Tea has the mission is to sustain the land and the people while producing top-quality tea. Established on virgin soil and grown following Masanobu Fukuoka’s “natural farming” method. In the motto of rebuilding the local ecosystem, their cooperative has established revolutionary education, health and cattle-lending programs for the people working in the garden and surrounding areas in Tetulia 


THE MOHANANDA

Location: Starts her journey in Bangladesh from Tentulia, Panchagarh

Attraction: Beautiful river view, River eco-system

Description: The Mahananda originates in the Himalayas: Mahaldiram Hill near Chimli, east of Kurseong in Darjeeling district at an elevation of 2,100 metres (6,900 ft). It flows through Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary and descends to the plains near Siliguri. It touches Jalpaiguri district.

It enters Bangladesh near Tentulia in Panchagarh District, flows for 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) after Tentulia and returns to India. After flowing through Uttar Dinajpur district in West Bengal and Kishanganj district in Bihar, it enters Malda district in West Bengal. The Mahananda divides the district into two regions — the eastern region, consisting mainly of old alluvial and relatively infertile soil is commonly known as Barind (Borendrovomee), and the western region, which is further subdivided by the river Kalindri into two areas, the northern area is known as "Tal." It is low lying and vulnerable to inundation during rainy season; the southern area consists of very fertile land and is thickly populated, being commonly known as "Diara".

It joins the Ganges at Godagiri in Nawabganj in Bangladesh.

History

The Kosi (Kausiki), which flows through the northeastern Bihar and joins the Ganges at a point much higher up than Rajmahal, originally ran eastward and fell into the Brahmaputra. The channel of the Kosi, therefore, must have been steadily shifting toward the west, right across the whole breadth of North Bengal. There was a time when the Kosi and the Mahananda joined the Karatoya and formed a sort of ethnic boundary between people living south of it and the Kochs and Kiratas living north of the river 


ROCK MUSEUM

Location: Panchagarh

Description: The Panchagarh Rocks Museum, in Panchagarh Government Mohila College, is the first rocks museum in Bangladesh, set up at the initiative of Nazmul Haque, Principal of the College, in 1997. Nazmul Haque, principal of Panchagarh Government girls College, discovered the rocks and founded an educational institution based museum on March 1, 1997. The Deputy Commissioner, Panchagarh, A.F.M. Saiful Islam formally inaugurated the museum on October 25, 1997.

The rocks museum was set up here due to the congenial geo-graphical atmosphere at the food of the Himalayan Mountains and the Zoological characteristics of this area different from the other parts of Bangladesh. The Stones of the "Tertiary periods" extending from 1.6 million to 60 million years have been found in the districts of Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in India adjacent to Panchagarh district. The stone made tools and other materials of the "Neolithic age are discovered in the areas of "Badamtam", "Dongrabosti", "Kalimpong", "Puddong", " Sindidong" in Darjeeling, A huge number of specified Rocks was also found in Panchagarh district.